Lotions are most often used after bruises, in which case they are most effective. A cold compress can reduce pain due to narrowing of blood vessels. Lotions are also made for bleeding, fractures, sprains. They are a very effective remedy for nosebleeds and migraines. To slow the acute inflammatory process, a cold compress is applied topically.
Compress can be made from cold water. To do this, moisten gauze in it, squeeze and apply to a sore spot. When the compress is heated, it must be moistened again in cold water and squeezed out (every three to four minutes). You can also use a compress with ice: pieces of ice or snow are wrapped in cloth or a dense plastic bag. Compress is contraindicated in pneumonia.
How to make hot compresses
To compress the local foci of inflammation, hot compresses are used. They can also be used after an injury (after at least a day), with migraines, chills. They are used for intestinal, hepatic, and renal colic, for pain in the legs, for relieving muscle spasm, for bronchial asthma. Such a compress will help relieve vasospasm, increase blood flow and activate metabolic processes in the body.
Contraindications for the use of compresses are bleeding, purulent diseases, fever, inflammatory processes in the abdominal cavity, high blood pressure. Hot compresses have an analgesic effect.
It’s as easy to make a hot compress as a cold compress. A piece of gauze is wetted in hot water (60-70 ° C), then it must be slightly squeezed and applied to the desired area of the body. To keep the warming effect longer, put on top an oilcloth and a warm blanket. As soon as the compress begins to cool, gauze should be moistened again in hot water. Such compresses are made with a variety of drugs.
How to make a warm compress
Another type of compress is warming. Such a compress reduces pain and extinguishes the inflammatory process, expanding the superficial and deep vessels. It is used for colds, tonsillitis.
The procedure is contraindicated in tumors, bronchitis and pleurisy.
To make a warming compress, you will need room temperature water and a dense but soft cloth. A piece of tissue should be moistened in water, squeezed well and applied to the desired area of the body. The compress is closed with oilcloth and cotton, and then bandaged. The procedure can last from 2 to 8-9 hours, so the doctor should prescribe the time.
- Warming up. This type is used to relieve pain in diseases of the joints of an inflammatory nature, tonsillitis, infiltrates. Its action is based on the warming effect of the internal tissues of the human body. Due to this, it is possible to achieve a significant reduction in swelling, muscle relaxation, reduced cramps, relieve inflammation. Knowing in practice how to make a warming compress, you can apply it at home, greatly facilitating the patient’s condition before providing qualified care.
- Directly on the diseased part of the body is cotton cloth moistened with ordinary water at 20 0 temperature. Instead of fabric, you can use four-fold cheesecloth, or a table napkin. The material must be wrung out well.
- A special compress paper is laid on top of it. You can prepare a regular oilcloth. The main thing is that it does not allow the damp tissue to dry and lose heat.
- As the third layer, a warming material is used - a woolen shawl or cotton wool. It is important that the material is thick enough. All this from above must be tightly bandaged so that no air gets inside. This method is left for 8 hours (can be done at night), and then remove and wipe the sore spot with a warm towel.
Four-layer, and each subsequent layer should be slightly larger than the previous one. It must be remembered that any skin diseases will be the main contraindication to the use of this species. A stronger effect can be obtained by using an alcohol heating compress. It must be applied as described above, only instead of water, the first layer is wetted with an alcohol or vodka solution in a ratio of 1: 3 or 1: 2, respectively.
Some features exist when applying a compress to the ear.
- The first layer moistened with a 1: 2 alcohol solution (camphor alcohol can be used) must be squeezed out well and placed on around the auricle so that both the ear canal and the auricle remain free.
- Compress paper is cut out in the shape of a circle and an incision is made in the center.
- Through an incision, paper can be put on the sore ear, again, so as not to block the conch and the ear canal.
- Then cover the paper with cotton wool on top and bandage it.
- Leaving it all night is not recommended. A few hours are enough.
- You can repeat the procedure every day until the disappearance of pain symptoms.
The first layer for the manufacture of a medicinal compress is wetted in a 1% m soda solution, Burov liquid, or even Vishnevsky ointment, previously slightly warmed up in warm water. It has a more pronounced analgesic effect.
Spasms of blood vessels and muscles of the internal organs will be an indication for the application of a hot compress. It can be used for migraines, angina pectoris, pain in the bladder, and bronchial asthma. Superimposed directly on the affected area. The system for using four layers is the same as when applying a warming compress. The first layer is wetted with hot water with a temperature of up to 70 0, which must be quickly squeezed and applied. In addition, hot compresses do not bandage, but only strongly pressed with your hand until the temperature is completely lost, after which the first layer is changed to a new one and continued to hold. It can not be applied at the risk of bleeding, with high blood pressure, as well as with abdominal pain and inflammation in the abdominal cavity.
This is superimposed with nosebleeds, with various injuries of the upper tissues, ligaments, with a strong heartbeat. It can also be used to cool the body at elevated air temperatures, for example, in the summer. Its action is reduced to the narrowing of blood vessels due to the cooling effect. The fabric for the cold compress procedure is pre-moistened with cold water and squeezed. Putting it directly on a disturbing place, it is wrapped in a dry bandage.
The question often arises, how much to keep the compress? It’s enough to hold it for about an hour. At night, such procedures are not performed. With severe overload of the body, a similar compress can be applied to the forehead and nape. Thus, the use of large quantities of cold water can be replaced.
Compress is a multi-layered dressing used for treatment. It can be warming, cold, hot, medicinal. It must be remembered that when applying compresses, medicines can cause skin irritation, and therefore, before making a compress, the skin must be lubricated with baby cream or liquid paraffin.
They are based on the fact that they do not use external heat, such as heating pads, but internal heat accumulating in body tissues. They enhance blood circulation not only in the skin, but also in deeper tissues and organs, as a result of which swelling decreases, inflammatory processes are removed, and convulsively contracted muscles relax. Indications for the use of a warming compress are infiltrates, inflammatory diseases of the joints, tonsillitis.
How to make a warm compress?
It is made of four layers.
The first layer is a cotton cloth, a napkin or four-fold gauze folded in size slightly larger than the painful area. This fabric must be moistened with water at room temperature and squeezed.
The second layer - compress paper or oilcloth is applied on top of the fabric, protecting the fabric from drying out and retaining heat. The paper should be slightly larger in size than the first layer (one to two fingers on all sides).
The third layer - from above, both layers are covered with cotton, a woolen scarf or scarf, larger than both previous layers. This layer should have a thickness sufficient for warming.
And finally, the fourth layer - all this is not tight, but tight enough so that air does not get into the compress, bandage and hold for 6-8 hours. After removing the compress, wipe the skin with a warm soft towel.
Acute inflammatory skin diseases, skin diseases are a contraindication to the behavior of such procedures.
Alcohol compress is a type of warming with a more pronounced irritating effect. The technique of applying it is the same as the usual warming, with the difference that the fabric is not wetted with water, but with diluted alcohol in a ratio of 1: 3 or vodka in a ratio of 1: 2.
We’ll tell you how to make a compress on your ear. To do this, lubricate the skin around the auricle with petroleum jelly or baby cream. Then in a slightly warmed alcohol solution (50 ml of alcohol in 50 ml of water) or in vodka, moisten gauze or a clean soft towel, squeeze and put around the auricle. The shell itself and the ear canal should remain open. Cut out a circle from waxed or compressed paper, make an incision in the middle and put it on the sore ear, again leaving the conch and ear canal open. On top of the paper, put cotton wool around the ear and secure it with a bandage. Holding a compress is enough for 1-2 hours, you do not need to put it at night, but then you can repeat it later every day while your ear hurts. Camphor alcohol half diluted with water can also be used for the procedure.
Hot compresses. How to make a compress?
It is used to reduce pain in spasms of blood vessels and muscles of the internal organs. In addition, they excite the activity of the heart. With migraine, they are placed on the head, with angina pectoris - to the heart, with spastic pains in the bladder - to the stomach, with bronchial asthma - to the chest. A hot compress is made as follows.
Moisten the fabric of the first layer with hot water (60-70 degrees), quickly squeeze and apply to the sore spot. Further, as usual, but do not bandage the hot compress, but hold it with your hand for several minutes, and then change the cooled fabric again to hot.
With the danger of bleeding, abdominal pain of an unknown nature, inflammatory diseases in the abdominal cavity, hot compresses are contraindicated. They can not be put on the head with high blood pressure.
Cold compresses. How to make a compress?
They “take away” heat at the site of application, cause a narrowing of not only superficial, but also deeper vessels, and relieve pain. Apply cold compresses with fresh traumatic injuries of soft tissues. joints, ligaments, local inflammatory processes, palpitations, nosebleeds. They are used for heat in various parts of the body. In this case, it is recommended to wet the cotton cloth in cold water, squeeze it, put it on the inflamed area, wrap it with a dry cloth on top, and keep it from 40 minutes to 1.5 hours.
Compresses on the forehead and nape are superimposed cold during overloads. This procedure replaces the use of large quantities of cold water.
Everyone who cares for the patient needs to know how to properly make a compress - a multi-layer dressing that acts as a resorbable and distracting agent. This procedure is simple and effective, but I want to warn you: before resorting to it, you need to consult a doctor, since in some cases a compress can cause the patient to worsen. The exception is cold compresses (lotions) - they can be done at your own discretion.
A solution for the compress can be a teaspoon of vinegar, diluted in 0.5 liters of water, vodka or alcohol diluted in half with water.
A hot compress is used to dissolve local inflammatory foci, it promotes vasodilatation and is used for migraines, intestinal, renal and hepatic colic, as well as after an injury, but not earlier than on the second day. Causing an intense local increase in blood circulation, muscle relaxation, hot compresses have a distinct analgesic effect.
Dampen a soft cloth folded in several layers in hot water (60-70 degrees), quickly wring it out and attach to the body, cover it with oilcloth or waxed paper of a larger size, and on top with a thick layer of cotton wool, a woolen shawl or a blanket.
Change the hot compress after 5-10 minutes, until the pain subsides.
You can not do compresses for skin diseases and its irritation.
L.S. ZALIPKINA, candidate of medical sciences, head of the general patient care course, Department of Propaedeutics, MMA named after I.M. Sechenova
«How to make a compress? "- this question must have been asked by everyone at least once in a lifetime, rushing into the abyss of the Internet in search of an answer. In fact, this is not a big deal. Making a compress is pretty easy, but the main thing is to know how to put it and how to cook it.
There are several varieties of compresses, distinguished by their mode of action:
warm or warming
Let's look at each of them individually.
A warm or warming compress is recommended for children and adults, as well as for pregnant women. It does not harm the body in any way, if you choose the right mixture. Such compresses are done after injections or vaccinations, with joint disease (most often on the knees or elbows), with inflammatory processes of the nasopharynx or ears, as well as with many other ailments. The most effective is a compress on the throat and ear with various therapeutic additives. Putting such a compress overnight is usually not recommended, since its duration is 6-7 hours.
To make a warm compress, you will need a non-woolen and non-silk fabric. Cotton fabric is best. It must be moistened in a pre-prepared liquid, which must be at room temperature, squeezed and laid on the inflamed surface of the body. From above it is necessary to create layers of compress paper and cotton wool, then all this should be fixed with an elastic or ordinary bandage.
carbuncles and other skin diseases.
A warm compress can be placed on both adults and children. At the same time, you can put it on the ear, leg, throat, knee, eye, chest and neck. You can use both ordinary warm water and specially prepared infusions, which, respectively, will be much more effective. And if you add camphor oil to warm water, then such a camphor compress will help you get rid of many ailments.
A hot compress is given in cases of chills, pain in the extremities, numbness of the arms and legs, migraines and hepatic colic. It helps to increase blood flow, due to which all the functions of the body gradually return to normal.
To make such a compress is very simple. To do this, moisten the cotton cloth in hot water with a temperature of 70 degrees, then apply a compress to the desired part of the body, avoiding the area of the heart and head, and cover with several layers of cling film.
Contraindications for a hot compress are as follows:
high body temperature,
high blood pressure
In order to make a hot compress, you most likely will not need other ingredients, however, if you want to make the compress more effective, you can add some essential oils to the hot water.
A hot compress is placed in the places of the bend of the joints, on the lymph nodes, under the knees and on the heels. This method is suitable for the treatment of colds, for example, a cough compress will reduce the inflammatory process.
A cold compress is most often put in cases where other compresses cannot be used, namely:
with a headache
when stretching muscles and ligaments,
at elevated pressure
Using a cold compress can reduce pain in various parts of the body due to the fact that a cold compress can reduce the sensitivity of nerve endings.
It’s best if you take ice or snow for a cold compress, but in general you just need cold water. In order to deliver such a compress, you just need to moisten a bandage folded several times in cold water and apply it to the right place. Every 3-4 minutes the bandage again needs to be moistened and wrung out.
Usually use an alcohol or vodka compress for tonsillitis, radiculitis, inflammation of the ears, as well as for pain in the back and lower back. For it, you need to dilute vodka with water in equal proportions and wet the cloth with the resulting alcohol solution. After this, the tissue should be wrung out and applied to the inflamed place for a while, which depends on the type of inflammation. You can not do this compress for children under five years of age, as well as for pregnant women in the lower body.
Other types of compresses
Among other things, there are other types of compresses, such as a compress with dimexide and ointment.
Compress with ointment сделать очень просто, для этого вам понадобится любая согревающая мазь, которую можно купить в аптеке. Ее следует нанести тонким слоем на больное место, сверху положить вату, бумагу для компрессов, все это зафиксировать пищевой пленкой и полежать несколько минут. Such a compress can be put even at night.
Compress with dimexide helps with diseases of the spine, ulcers, pustules, myositis and bruises. A 20% version of the solution is used, but it is better to dilute it with water. Do not use at temperatures, as well as children and pregnant women.
Using any of the proposed compresses will certainly alleviate the patient’s condition and help get rid of the disease. Be careful when putting the compress to your child or yourself. If there is a burning sensation and itching, then the compress should be removed immediately, and then consult a doctor. The video below provides more information on the subject.